Airbus UTM shares the insights of its second, more technical paper, ‘Fairness in Decentralized Strategic Deconfliction in UTM’. The paper, published at the AIAA SciTech Forum, simulates the fairness implications of a commonly proposed approach to strategic deconfliction.
Strategic deconfliction is a critical function in UTM that serves as an enabler of safe operations for cooperative traffic. But how should airspace be allocated to competing operations in a fair way? First-come, first-served (FCFS) allocation of resources has long-standing acceptance in the aviation community and is applied both tactically and strategically in air traffic management. However, it is unclear what the fairness implications are for a FCFS approach in a decentralized UTM architecture, dominated by on-demand operations that may not be scheduled in advance.
The default solution in UTM is a first-requested, first-served (FRFS) allocation, prioritized based on when operators file their flight plans. In this paper, simulation is used to explore how a FRFS approach to strategic deconfliction in UTM performs in terms of fairness.
As a reminder, fairness is quantified by comparing average ground delay across operators as well as calculating a normalized fairness metric that accounts for operator cost of delay. Two scenario types are simulated for a range of demand levels:
Two package delivery operators serving a common region from separate warehouses, and with different constraints on when they can request UTM operations; and
Two air taxi operators serving the same network of 7 vertiports, also with different constraints on when they can request UTM operations.
As expected, operators that are able to file ahead incur lower ground delays than operators that are not able to file ahead.
At low traffic levels, the operator filing ahead – by as little as 8 minutes – sees delays comparable to when it is the only operator in the airspace. In contrast, the operator that is not filing ahead sees delays double what it would see when neither operator files ahead.
While delays are sufficiently low at low demand levels where these inequities may not be a concern; at higher demand levels, the trends are similar, but at much higher delay values for the operator not able to file ahead – approaching 2 hours in one simulated case. This is a major concern for on-demand operators dependent on trip time.
As expected, inequities are highest at high demand levels and high file ahead times.
Similar results are generated for the package delivery and air taxi scenarios, suggesting inequity under FRFS could be a concern for a range of operation types.
In summary – results indicate that for a decentralized FRFS approach to strategic deconfliction, based on when operators file their flight plans, there may be a significant imbalance in delays between operators based on how far in advance they are able to file ahead, and on traffic demand levels. To ensure fairness, at envisioned traffic densities, it may therefore be necessary to implement alternatives to the FRFS allocation.
The full report can be accessed here.
Source: Press Release
UAV DACH: Beitrag im Original auf https://www.uasvision.com/2020/03/13/airbus-utm-technical-details-of-fairness-in-utm/, mit freundlicher Genehmigung von UAS Vision automatisch importiert. Der Beitrag gibt nicht unbedingt die Meinung oder Position des UAV DACH e.V. wieder. Das Original ist in englischer Sprache.